Call for Abstract
3rd International conference on Water Microbiology Water Sustainability & Reuse Technologies, will be organized around the theme “Rejuvenating Innovation in WATER”
WATER 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in WATER 2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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- Track 1-1Major Challenges in detecting health related microbes in source
- Track 1-2Water Microbiology
- Track 1-3Collecting and Processing Water Samples - Methods for specific microorganisms
- Track 1-4Food Microbiology
- Track 1-5State-of-the-Art Techniques - Water & Food Microbiology
Molecular techniques based on genomics, proteomics and transcriptomics are rapidly growing as complete microbial genome sequences are becoming available, and advances are made in sequencing technology, analytical biochemistry, microfluidics and data analysis. While the clinical and food industries are increasingly adapting these techniques, there appear to be major challenges in detecting health-related microbes in source and treated drinking waters. This is due in part to the low density of pathogens in water, necessitating significant processing of large volume samples.
- Track 2-1Analytical Biochemistry
- Track 2-2Microfluidics
- Track 2-3Molecular techniques based on genomics, proteomics and transcriptomics
- Track 2-4Sequencing Technology
- Track 3-1Detecting waterborne pathogens and toxins by biosensor based methods
- Track 3-2Optical, electro-chemical and electo-mechanical sensors
- Track 3-3Emerging devices
- Track 3-4DNA amplification techniques - LAMP > PCR
Water is an essential part of our lives. The human body itself is made up of over 70% water. Every healthy diet includes the daily consumption of water on an average of 5-6 liters for a healthy life. If you drink too little water, there are chances of severe complications arising out of dehydration.
What if we told you that drinking water can lead to cancer? Do not get alarmed. This can happen only if the water you're drinking is contaminated.
We often take it for granted that the water we are drinking is pure and free from contaminants. But how sure can you actually be? Studies by leading research agencies in India have found that most of the drinking water sources available are contaminated and contain at least one substance or chemical that is beyond the permissible level fit for human consumption.
Due to rapid industrialization and urbanization, it is becoming increasingly difficult to clear and dispose of waste in a safe manner. Often, factories resort to dumping untreated waste directly into water bodies or into ground pits. This results in dangerous chemicals percolating into the soil and subsequently into the water.
Chemicals such as trihalomethanes, halogenic acetic acids, benzene, perchlorate, radionuclides, radium, arsenic, lead mercury, etc. are all known to cause cancer in some form or the other, if ingested in sizeable quantities by humans. Even if not consumed in large quantities, these can have many side effects such as stomach problems, fertility issues, kidney stones, diarrhea, thyroid issues, vomiting and irritation of the skin and eyes.
Also, while chlorine is a wonder chemical, which can purify water; it can have adverse effects on your health. Chlorine purification can often result in byproducts such as halomethanes, which are scientifically proven to cause cancer. As such, try to avoid drinking water that's been purified with chlorine, especially water that's been treated with industrial grade chlorine.
- Track 5-1Hybridization - The detection of multiple genetic sequences from different viruses, bacteria, protozoa and other emerging pathogens
- Track 5-2Nucleic acid sequencing
- Track 5-3Discovering new pathogens - Amoebae as tool
- Track 5-4Specific Applications related to Waterborne pathogen monitoring
Recreational use of water in fresh and coastal waters as well as pools and spas can deliver important benefits to health and well-being. Yet, recreational water use also poses risks though exposure to pollution as well as physical risk such as drowning and injury.
WHO activities on "recreational" or "bathing" water date back to the 1970s. Expert meetings identified the breadth of hazards associated with recreational water and established links between water quality and bather health and proposed grading water quality using a combination of indicator counts and the use of sanitary inspection.
- Track 6-1Fecal Pollution with Next-Generation Sequencing Approach
- Track 6-2Revolutionizing the study of microbial diversity
- Track 6-3Challenges in the principles of technology, workflow, sequencing strategies
- Track 6-4Pyrosequencing technology for recreational water quality
- Track 7-1Microbial Indicators of fecal pollution
- Track 7-2Environmental monitoring and management
- Track 7-3Molecular diversity of microbial populations
- Track 7-4Dynamics of Microbes - Geochips
- Track 7-5Microbial bioreporter sensing technologies for chemical and biological detection
- Track 8-1Diarrhoeagenic E. coli
- Track 8-2Escherichia coli Genome Plasticity and Evolution
- Track 8-3Bacteriophage-based Strategies to Control Pathogenic E. coli
- Track 8-4Understanding E. coli - Whole-genome Sequencing
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt) from which groundwater can be extracted using water well. The study of water flow in aquifers and the characterization of aquifers is called hydrogeology. Related terms include aquitard, which is a bed of low permeability along an aquifer, and aquiclude (or aquifuge), which is a solid, impermeable area underlying or overlying an aquifer. If the impermeable area overlies the aquifer, pressure could cause it to become a confined aquifer.
Hydrogeology, is a branch of the earth sciences dealing with the flow of water through aquifers and other shallow porous media (typically less than 450 m or 1,500 ft below the land surface). The very shallow flow of water in the subsurface (the upper 3 m or 10 ft) is pertinent to the fields of soil science, agriculture and civil engineering, as well as to hydrogeology. The general flow of fluids (water, hydrocarbons, geothermal fluids, etc.) in deeper formations is also a concern of geologists, geophysicists and petroleum geologists. Groundwater is a slow-moving, viscous fluid (with a Reynolds number less than unity); many of the empirically derived laws of groundwater flow can be alternately derived in fluid mechanics from the special case of Stokes flow (viscosity and pressure terms, but no inertial term).
Hydrogeology is an interdisciplinary subject; it can be difficult to account fully for the chemical, physical, biological and even legal interactions between soil, water, nature and society. The study of the interaction between groundwater movement and geology can be quite complex. Groundwater does not always follow the surface topography; groundwater follows pressure gradients (flow from high pressure to low), often through fractures and conduits in circuitous paths. Taking into account the interplay of the different facets of a multi-component system often requires knowledge in several diverse fields at both the experimental and theoretical levels.
- Track 9-1Aquifers and ecosystems
- Track 9-2Aquifers in agriculture and rain-fed agriculture
- Track 9-3Urban groundwater
- Track 9-4Aquifers in drinking water and sanitation programmes
Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular(single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular(lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, parasitology, mycology and bacteriology.
Biogeochemistry is the scientific discipline that involves the study of the chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes and reactions that govern the composition of the natural environment (including the biosphere, the cryosphere, the hydrosphere, the pedosphere, the atmosphere, and the lithosphere). In particular, biogeochemistry is the study of the cycles of chemical elements, such as carbon and nitrogen, and their interactions with and incorporation into living things transported through earth scale biological systems in space through time. The field focuses on chemical cycles which are either driven by or influence biological activity. Particular emphasis is placed on the study of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus cycles. Biogeochemistry is a systems science closely related to systems ecology
- Track 10-1Environmental Biogeochemistry
- Track 10-2Aquatic Biogeochemistry
- Track 10-3Climate change & Aquatic chemistry
- Track 10-4Wetland restoration and ecosystem development
- Track 10-5Microbial metabolism and element cycles
- Track 10-6Biodegradation of pollutants
Nutrients come from a variety of different sources. They can occur naturally as a result of weathering of rocks and soil in the watershed and they can also come from the ocean due to mixing of water currents. Scientists are most interested in the nutrients that are related to people living in the coastal zone because human-related inputs are much greater than natural inputs. Because there are increasingly more people living in coastal areas, there are more nutrients entering our coastal waters from wastewater treatment facilities, runoff from land in urban areas during rains, and from farming.
Nutrient pollution is the process where too many nutrients, mainly nitrogen and phosphorus, are added to bodies of water and can act like fertilizer, causing excessive growth of algae. This process is also known as eutrophication. Excessive amounts of nutrients can lead to more serious problems such as low levels of oxygen dissolved in the water. Severe algal growth blocks light that is needed for plants, such as seagrasses, to grow. When the algae and seagrass die, they decay. In the process of decay, the oxygen in the water is used up and this leads to low levels of dissolved oxygen in the water. This, in turn, can kill fish, crabs, oysters, and other aquatic animals.
All of these factors can lead to increased nutrient pollution.
- Track 11-1Nitrogen Mapping
- Track 11-2Nutrient Management Case Studies
- Track 11-3Nutrient Recovery
- Track 11-4Sustainable Watersheds & Nutrient Pollution
Desalination is a water-treatment process that removes salts from water. Concerns about the sustainability of freshwater supplies, as well as rapid advances in membrane and other water-treatment technologies, are fostering a renewed interest in desalination as a partial solution to increased water demand. It is projected that more than 70 billion dollars will be spent worldwide over the next 20 years to design and build new desalination plants and facilities.
Desalination presents the possibility of providing freshwater not only from the ocean, but also from saline ground water. The potential importance of desalination is exemplified, for example, by New Mexico where approximately 75 percent of ground water is too saline for most uses without treatment (Reynolds, 1962, p. 91). Earth-science issues related to desalination of ground water include the distribution of saline groundwater resources, the chemical characteristics and suitability of ground water for desalination, effects of extraction of saline ground water on connected freshwater resources, and disposal of residual products
- Track 12-1Forward Osmosis Technology
- Track 12-2Zwitterionic polymer hydrogel
- Track 12-3Solar desalination
- Track 12-4Direct potable reuse
- Track 12-5Renewable Desalination Units
The water industry in the United States (US) is growing rapidly, offering opportunities in different sectors like equipment and oil and gas. The Safe Drinking Water Act and the Clean Water Acts are the most important federal policy programs within the American water technology sector.These programs, coordinated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), provide treatment and discharge regulations, funding programs and frameworks for operating and applying innovative water and wastewater treatment technologies.Other federal agencies are involved in financial programs as well.The techno-economic network analysis that has been made of the American water technology market is starting to be more convergent, meaning that communication between the different actors is increasing.Specific questions or problems are addressed by efforts of actors working together in the network, for example participating in public private partnerships. Because the different factors in the US water technology sector are collaborating and communicating more, the techno-economic network is a strong network.
- Track 13-1Technology development and implement process
- Track 13-2Biological Wastewater Treatment Solutions
- Track 13-3Advancements in Technology
- Track 13-4Advanced Oxidation Technology
- Track 13-5Biological Filtration
- Track 13-6Ion Exchange Technology
- Track 13-7Ultraviolet Irradiation Technology
- Track 13-8Two-Stage Membrane Filtration
- Track 13-9Membrane Filtration Technology
- Track 13-10Technology Evaluation
- Track 13-11Reverse Osmosis
- Track 14-1Emerging Successful Bioremediation - Emerging Technologies
- Track 14-2Biofilm Survival Strategies in Polluted Environments
- Track 14-3Modern Methods in Microscopy for the Assessment of Biofilms in Bioremediation
- Track 14-4Biofilm-mediated Degradation of PAHs & Pesticides
- Track 14-5Hydrocarbonoclastic Biofilms
- Track 15-1Articifial Intelligence in Robot Microscopes for detecting microbes in their natural environment
- Track 15-2Observing Microbes in their own environment with AI powered Robot Microscopes
- Track 15-3Planktons being the major source of water food-chain
- Track 15-4Planktons loss will be reduced with AI & IT
- Track 16-1Primary Production - Farming & Agriculture
- Track 16-2Cleaning and Sanitation
- Track 16-3Water source, treatment and quality