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WATER 2018


WATER is so essential for human survival. It is more than any other substance which made everyone to strive for water sustainable management in every aspect. Working towards water sustainability and water efficiency is crucial in today’s world scenario and for the bright future ahead.

Reduce Reuse and Recycle Water across the world through water-saving innovations and Reuse technologies to prevent water scarcity and improve water use efficiency in the world.

Water conservation is crucial. Industries have to be passionate enough about cleaning up littered waterways and minimize the impact of the operations on natural water resources. Implement water saving projects with monitoring and infrastructure investment. Working on watershed improvement projects will make a good change in the future.

Water for All comprises the production of drinking and industrial water, and the purification of wastewater at a minimum cost. The scope of this market is estimated globally at $ 65-75 billion per year. The strong growth of this market goes hand in hand with the rising global need for fresh-water as a source of drinking and industrial water.

New wastewater purification technology is needed to be able to provide a sustainable, good quality supply of water without burdening the environment. The demand for this technology is in part driven by more stringent legislation and higher quality standards.

Water & Energy focuses on making the processes for the energy production industry more sustainable. It also focuses on new forms of clean energy based on water technology.

The use of water in the energy sector continues to rise. With the growth of the world’s population and the growing demand for energy, this trend must be reversed. Alternative forms of energy generation based on water technology are expected to contribute to the transition from fossil fuels to clean energy.

More Crop per Drop focuses on a high-quality freshwater supply for food production. There is so much to be gained by using innovative and sustainable solutions for closing water cycles, reusing water in the agriculture and horticulture sectors. As an extension of the agriculture and horticulture sectors, the food industry is facing the challenge of dealing efficiently with scarce raw materials. It needs to make processes more sustainable as a condition for a license to produce as well.

Water & IT focuses on expanding the efficiency of water technology by checking water quality using automatic sensing & monitoring. It also focuses on optimal control of the water chain (process control). This offers opportunities to significantly improve the processes of water treatment plants. It creates opportunities for a decentralized fit-for-use water treatment as well.

Designer Water

Technological advances and innovation now allow wastewater treatment plants to customize water purification to make it fit-for-purpose – whether for crafting beer and other beverages, irrigating agricultural lands and growing food, cooling data centres or processing manufactured goods. What are the latest examples of fit-for-purpose projects that are transforming the way we manage water?

Recycled Water for Drinking

Recycling water for human consumption will transform the way we build water infrastructure in the future – and nourish a hungry planet. How are communities recycling water for potable purposes? What are the opportunities and obstacles to expanding potable reuse?

Protecting Water Quality, Supply and Infrastructure from Natural Disasters

The catastrophic hurricane season of 2017 was a reminder about the importance of building resilient infrastructure and the need to quickly and efficiently respond to and recover from natural disasters. What can communities do to better prepare for, respond to, recover from and mitigate their water infrastructure against these damaging weather events? What role can decentralized water recycling systems play in helping communities prepare, respond, recover and mitigate natural disasters?

Water Infrastructure Optimization

Decentralized water recycling systems are becoming more and more common in new construction or redevelopment of residential and commercial buildings such as athletic stadiums, universities and office parks, reducing pressure on ageing infrastructure and improving the sustainability of centralized treatment systems. What role can decentralized water recycling systems play in the future of water treatment management?

Increasing Safe & Reliable Water Supplies

Water-Reuse is internationally-recognized as a thought-leader on alternative water supply development. It is the go-to organization for policy guidance and educational tools on water reuse as well as the principal influencer of public opinion, lawmakers and policymakers on policy and projects related to water reuse.

The fundamental principle of water reuse is using the right water for the right purpose, everywhere and all the time. That means aiding and accelerating the natural process of cleaning the water to make it suitable for its intended purpose, from irrigation to industrial uses to drinking.

Our efforts touch on every aspect of promoting water reuse to make it fit for purpose.

Since its founding in 1990, Water-Reuse has advocated for policies, laws and funding at the state and federal level to increase the practice of recycling water. Our national office leads the advocacy efforts with the U.S. Congress and federal agencies, including the Bureau of Reclamation and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Seven state sections work with state lawmakers and regulatory agencies to advance state policies on water reuse.

While the science is clear that recycling water is safe, misinformation has contributed to community resistance for water reuse projects. To address that challenge, Water-Reuse is expanding its efforts to support members in communicating with their customers and constituencies.

Our membership of water utilities, businesses, government agencies and not-for-profit organizations is dedicated to recycling water to ensure communities have a safe, reliable and cost-effective supply of water, which is necessary to sustain a high standard of living and robust economy.

Thirsty Energy: Water Reuse in the Oil, Gas and Power Generation Sector

As oil and natural gas continue to fuel the U.S. economy and compete for water resources, what role can water recycling play in the sustainability of this industry? Reclaimed effluent is a critical resource for cooling power plants, solar farms and for other power generating sources. 

How is the energy sector incorporating water recycling in its power generation strategies?

  • Innovations in direct potable reuse
  • Advances in energy efficiency and resource recovery in wastewater treatment
  • Innovative decentralized technologies for urban/rural applications
  • Emerging Contaminants and Antibiotic Resistance – detection and control
  • Advanced oxidation processes for water and wastewater treatment
  • Advanced materials and membranes for water and wastewater treatment
  • Sustainable developments and applications of advanced molecule microbial tools in water and wastewater treatment
  • Recent developments and applications of advanced molecular microbial tools in water and wastewater treatment
  • Wastewater to Energy – A Solution for Low-Carbon and Green Development around the Globe
  • Performance-Based Smart Water and Advanced Solutions


  • One Health, including human and animal wastes
  • Effluents, discharges, biosolids, biofilms and stormwater
  • Drinking, reclaimed, recreational and irrigation waters
  • Rural water supply and sanitation
  • Disasters and extreme events


  • Survival, persistence, transport, fate and occurrence
  • Hazards (including antimicrobial resistance, water-based and zoonotic organisms)
  • Shellfish, produce, irrigation, water reuse
  • Health risks, epidemiology and one health issues
  • Emerging pathogens and exposures


  • Rapid molecular and enzymatic methods
  • Alternative indicators including coliphages and bacterial spores
  • Metagenome, resistome and community analysis
  • Method comparison, validation and performance
  • Microbial source tracking
  • Modelling and prediction


  • Water and wastewater treatment and disinfection technologies including onsite wastewater systems
  • Criteria, standards, surveillance and monitoring
  • Storm-water including BMPs
  • QMRA, decision analysis, water safety plans and surveillance
  • Post-treatment microbial dynamics



WHO - Health Review

WHO launches health review after micro-plastics found in 90% of bottled water

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has announced a review into the potential risks of plastic in drinking water after a new analysis of some of the world’s most popular bottled water brands found that more than 90% contained tiny pieces of plastic. A previous study also found high levels of microplastics in tap water.

  • In the new study, analysis of 259 bottles from 19 locations in nine countries across 11 different brands found an average of 325 plastic particles for every litre of water being sold.
  • In one bottle of Nestlé Pure Life, concentrations were as high as 10,000 plastic pieces per litre of water. Of the 259 bottles tested, only 17 were free of plastics, according to the study.
  • The scientists wrote they had “found roughly twice as many plastic particles within bottled water” compared with their previous study of tap water
  • According to the new study, the most common type of plastic fragment found was polypropylene – the same type of plastic used to make bottle caps. The bottles analysed were bought in the US, China, Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Lebanon, Kenya and Thailand.
  • Scientists used Nile red dye to fluoresce particles in the water – the dye tends to stick to the surface of plastics but not most natural materials.
  • The study has not been published in a journal and has not been through scientific peer review. Dr Andrew Mayes, a University of East Anglia scientist who developed the Nile red technique, told Orb Media he was “satisfied that it has been applied carefully and appropriately, in a way that I would have done it in my lab”.
  • The brands Orb Media said it had tested were: Aqua (Danone), Aquafina (PepsiCo), Bisleri (Bisleri International), Dasani (Coca-Cola), Epura (PepsiCo), Evian (Danone), Gerolsteiner (Gerolsteiner Brunnen), Minalba (Grupo Edson Queiroz), Nestlé Pure Life (Nestlé), San Pellegrino (Nestlé) and Wahaha (Hangzhou Wahaha Group).
  • A World Health Organisation spokesman told the Guardian that although there was not yet any evidence on impacts on human health, it was aware it was an emerging area of concern. The spokesman said the WHO would “review the very scarce available evidence with the objective of identifying evidence gaps, and establishing a research agenda to inform a more thorough risk assessment.”
  • A second unrelated analysis, also just released, was commissioned by campaign group Story of Stuff and examined 19 consumer bottled water brands in the US. It also found plastic microfibres were widespread.
  • The brand Boxed Water contained an average of 58.6 plastic fibres per litre. Ozarka and Ice Mountain, both owned by Nestlé, had concentrations at 15 and 11 pieces per litre, respectively. Fiji Water had 12 plastic fibres per litre.
  • Abigail Barrows, who carried out the research for Story of Stuff in her laboratory in Maine, said there were several possible routes for the plastics to be entering the bottles.

“Plastic microfibres are easily airborne. Clearly, that’s occurring not just outside but inside factories. It could come in from fans or the clothing being worn”. 


Singapore - Its Exploration in Water Industry


A stream-flow towards self-sufficiency and sustainable development

Water Security is identified as one of the threats emanating from failing global efforts to stop climate change. As of 2015, two-thirds of the world’s population will be affected by water scarcity in the coming decade if no impactful action is taken. Ambitious action requires role-models, and Singapore’s water story is worthy of study as an example of a successful development policy. Singapore dramatically reduced its external water supply dependency while employing regulatory instruments, pro-active industrial support policies and direct engagement with water consumers. This is a story which should serve as an example for Singapore’s neighbours to follow, as well as the increasing number of countries facing water challenges in the years to come.

Singapore’s historical water challenges

Singapore is a tiny city-state nested within the strategic cross-roads of Asia. While lacking in natural resources, Singapore succeeded in becoming a regional powerhouse by using a smart mix of efficient governance and welcoming attitude to foreign investors. The Republic of Singapore is a small and densely populated tropical urban island in South East Asia with only 718 km2 in territory, and a population of 5.4 million. While receiving plentiful rainwater, reaching up to 2,400 mm annually, the city-state has been facing historically severe water shortages. These are due to three key aspects; i) the limited land available for water collection and storage; ii) the complete lack of groundwater resources and natural endowments; and iii) land constraints caused by competing uses: housing, industry and business.

However, in order to understand Singapore’s water challenges, we need to look back to its foundation in the 19thcentury.  Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles of the British East India Company (EIC).  When he landed in Singapore, water from inland streams and self-dug wells was enough to maintain the island’s limited population, but as population and trade-related activities increased, more water was needed to sustain the city’s growth. This led to the construction of a number of reservoirs, as well as the signing of agreements with the Government of the State of Johor (Malaysia) to transport water to ensure consistent supply over the long term. Yet, these agreements did not succeed in guaranteeing water security, as Singapore faced water rationing in 1961 and 1963 due to inadequate infrastructure and water management. As a response to these crises, the Singaporean Government established the Public Utilities Board (PUB) as the national water authority, which became responsible for the country’s water management activities and the management of these water agreements.

When Singapore separated from Malaysia in 1965, these agreements remained, but held Singapore in a precarious position. The country only had three reservoirs, covering 20% of its needs and therefore still relied heavily on Malaysia as the country’s single supplier of water. This being so, the agreements have always been the source of political tension and geopolitical stress between the two countries. Thus, water supply and the push for water independency became a strategic priority for the Singaporean government.

In the 1970s, water management entered a new area of transformation. Institutions were restructured, legislation was revised, and the public was finally educated about water management and encouraged to directly engage in water conservation activities. The government began to move on a route to diversify the country’s water supplies to decrease dependence on Malaysia. This included the expansion of existing catchment areas and reservoirs, as well as the adoption of control strategies and measures to monitor and regulate water pollution problems. In 2001, the PUB was given full control over the entire water apparatus, and in 2003, the country began a program of water recycling. In 2005, the first desalination plant was built, and in 2008, the country began urban stormwater collection.

Singapore River and Skyline

A world leader and International Water Hub

Singapore currently consumes about 1.36 billion litres of water per day. The long-term agreements signed in 1961 and 1962 with Malaysia gave Singapore the drawing rights up to 391 million litres per day until 2011 and up to 1,136 million litres per day until 2060. Negotiations on the possible extension of the water agreement are now stalled as Singapore has asked for an extension beyond 2061. Malaysia has agreed, but at a much higher price: 15 to 20 times greater than their present price of water.

As a result, Singapore has developed a new strategy for increasing water security and self-sufficiency, which includes a wide range of elements such as: an efficient water management system, the formulation and implementation of new water-related policies, heavy investments in desalination and extensive reuse of wastewater. In its management of the entire water system, the PUB has developed and implemented a holistic policy approach, covering the whole water cycle, from stormwater management to desalination technologies, as well as demand management through public education and awareness programmes.

The Government has identified the water industry as a key growth industry for the country

In 2006, $330 million was committed to fund innovation and capacity development, which were topped up in 2011 with an additional $140 million. More recently, the Singaporean water industry has received an extra 200 million SGD (148 million USD) in research and development funding to be used over the next five years. The funding will come from the National Research Foundation (NRF) under the Singapore’s Research, Innovation and Enterprises (RIE). Besides making sure that country meets its national water needs, these funds will also contribute to the flourishing and growth of the overall national water industry, making Singapore a world-class and international Water Hub.

In more recent years, the drive of opening markets through the creation of competitive local environmental and water industries has led the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources (MEWR) to establish the Environment & Water Industry Development Council (EWI). The EWI works with stakeholders, such as public sector entities and academia to support R&D for new water technologies, encouraging them to engage in basic and applied research to develop and create new, innovative practices in water management.  In addition, the EWI is also tasked to facilitate cross-sector coordination among government agencies involved in water management in order to prevent any potential conflicts of interest across sectors.

Singapore is increasingly recognized as the preferred hub for regional water management and water scarcity issues in Asia. The Asia Pacific Private-Public Partnerships (P3) Incubation Hub (AsiaP3Hub) [See separate insert] was created with the support of World Vision International and the Singaporean government to develop and incubate new business models for deployment in developing countries in the region.

The water industry currently contributes more than 2.2 billion SGD to Singapore’s gross domestic product and has created over 14,000 jobs

Today, Singapore’s water industry is thriving. The country is home to about 180 water companies, representing the entire value chain of the water industry ranging from upstream manufacturers to system integrators, downstream players and project developers. The water industry currently contributes more than 2.2 billion SGD to Singapore’s gross domestic product and has created over 14,000 jobs, which the Government aims to increase to 15,000 by 2020.

What is the secret to Singapore’s success?

What makes the case of Singapore unique is that its approach to water independence does not rely solely on the construction of physical infrastructure. Singapore’s strategy focusses on the creation and enforcement of a proper legislative framework, which includes correct water pricing, public education and a national research and development expertise.  This challenge has motivated the city-state to transform the potential water crisis into an opportunity, establishing Singapore as a world leader in innovative, sustainable water technologies and management practices.

The Merlion is the national personification of Singapore.

The key ingredients to Singapore’s success: First, an emphasis on supply and demand management. Singapore has always used a holistic approach when managing and dealing with its supply sources. Even when importing water from neighbouring Malaysia, Singapore has always looked at its own available resources and namely at ways of protecting them both in terms of quality and quantity, while also at expanding them through innovative water management techniques such as desalination, re-use of wastewater, etc. Similarly, the demand side of water management plays an important role through the promotion of water conservation. This has been done through economic mechanisms, such as pricing adjustments and tariffs settings, as well as through widespread engagement, education and mobilization of the community. National businesses and industries are encouraged to certify their buildings, and a water efficiency labelling scheme helps consumers choose efficient water appliances. The result is that citizens are generally educated on good water saving habits. Second, the exemplary performance, transparency and accountability of the Singapore case is an emblematic example of how water management in a country can only be as effective and as efficient as its management of other related and connected sectors, such as energy, agriculture and industry. The PUB has a high level of autonomy and has always been run by highly professional and proactive political leadership that takes the water issue seriously. Compared to other Asian states, Singapore’s ruling class can be proud of having a strong anticorruption mentality, as well as competent and prepared professionals and experts at all levels of the water industry. The PUB trains its staff for their professional and personal development, and rewards good performers to ensure overall organizational performance and growth. Finally, the thriving national water industry is an emblematic example of the importance of investing in new and innovative technologies that can reuse all resources as many times as possible. 

Singapore made a key policy decision to invest heavily in R&D, with the view of building a robust, diversified water supply with a sustainable cost base, without exposure to geopolitical stress. This R&D transformation has encompassed the entire water value chain, from the first level of idea conceptualization and basic research, to more advanced levels of applied research, demonstration and commercialization.

The country’s PUB closely collaborates with both local and international partners from the private and public sectors alike and supports cross-disciplinary research in sectors like energy, which are believed to have a close relation and direct impact on the water industry. The PUB has also found ways to consistently inspire and encourage community stewardship of the island’s water resources. This includes, for instance, an award-system for granting recognition and special prices for individuals and organizations who make an outstanding contribution to water use. Some examples include the Watermark Award, Gold Certificates for Water Efficient Buildings, the Friends of Water.

What can other countries learn?

Singapore’s water story is inspiring at a crucial time for policy-makers facing water issues in many countries across the world. Water security is one of the global consequences of climate change, which we must urgently address. The Middle East and parts of South Asia will face serious water scarcity because of changing weather patterns, compounding the challenges that these developing countries and emerging economies already face surrounding water management as well as other issues of public works. 

Lack of indigenous water resources, coupled with growing demand as a result of economic and demographic growth are some of the mounting pressures facing these nations.

Singapore’s example confirms that simple measures combined with diligent implementation can transform the national water landscape of a country in the space of only a few decades. Targeted policies and regulations, working closely with consumers, and the construction of national industry is what made Singapore succeed, despite its considerable challenges and limited resources. However, what makes this case truly exceptional, is the efficient and transparent governance which was able to bring the idea to reality. 




INDIA - Global Marketplace



Potable Drinking Water

In the urban areas more than 60% of the population is depended on surface water sources, but still the availability and quality are questionable

Rural India lives in about 1.7 million habitations, where 1.3 million gets 40l of water per person per day for all their needs, including drinking and other usages like bathing, washing clothes, utensils and sanitation

There are 66,093 rural habitations in India where the drinking-water source is contaminated with either one or more chemicals, such as arsenic, fluoride, nitrate, iron and salinity; down from 84,292 over two years (Source: IndiaSpend report)

It is estimated that around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually, 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhoea alone and 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne diseases each year


Supply & distribution

India is facing a water crisis which is expected to worsen as the overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by the year 2050

According to Central Water Commission (CWC) report, water levels in 91 major reservoirs in the country are at just 25% of capacity—30% lower than last year, and 25% less than the average storage in a decade

Reservoirs in India’s eastern and central regions have the most water, with levels at 44 % and 36 %, respectively, of capacity; while levels in the south, west and north are 20 %, 26 % and 27 %, respectively, according to the CWC data

The 10-year average for water levels in the country is 38.5 %

$2.77 billion has been allocated to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to expand and improve drinking water supply in the country


Irrigation system

Irrigation refers to the supplying water to the dry land as a supplementation of rainwater

About 68% of the area equipped for irrigation is located in Asia, 17% in the Americas, 9% in Europe, 5% in Africa and 1% in Oceania

The major aim of irrigation systems is to help out in growing agricultural crops and vegetation by maintaining the minimum amount of water required

Apart from crop production, it helps in protecting plants against frost, suppressing wild plant growing in grain fields and helping to avert soil consolidation

Irrigation systems are also used for dust repression, removal of sewage, and in mining

Types of irrigation systems

1.     Surface irrigation
- Uncontrolled (or wild or free) flooding method
- Border strip method
- Check method
- Basin method
- Furrow method

2.     Subsurface irrigation

3.     Sprinkler irrigation

4.     Trickle(Drip) irrigation


Water Storage Systems

India's per capita water storage capacity currently is much below that of China or the United States

More than 60 % of India’s irrigated agriculture and 85 % of drinking water supplies are dependent on groundwater

Water is stored in natural water sources, such as groundwater aquifers, soil water and natural wetlands

It is also stored in small artificial ponds, tanks and reservoirs behind major dams

Water recharge/storage/conservation practices from past and present


Wastewater Treatment

80 % of India’s surface water is polluted

75 % of water pollution is from domestic sewage, which is discharged untreated into local water bodies

Grey water is the domestic wastewater from bathrooms (such as basins, showers and baths), laundry fixtures (such as clothes washing machines and laundry troughs) and kitchen facilities (such as sinks and dishwashing machines)

Blackwater refers to wastewater that contains human waste. Blackwater is collected through toilets and urinals

Only 31 % of urban wastewater is treated per day at 11,787 million litres per day (MLD)

The total wastewater generated by the 299 class I cities is 16,662 MLD.  Out of 299 class I cities, 160 cities have sewerage coverage for more than 75% of the population and 92 cities have between 50 and 75% of population coverage

India's total water and wastewater treatment market alone is worth about $420m, growing annually by about 18%


Sewage Treatment

Only 37 % of urban sewage is treated per day at 23,277 million litres per day (MLD)

Out of 816 municipal sewage treatment plants (STPs) listed across India (522 are operational, 79 STPs don’t work, 145 are under construction, and 70 are proposed)

On the whole 70% of the population of class, I cities are provided with sewerage facility

Delhi has the maximum treatment capacity that is 2330 MLD (30% of the total treatment capacity of metropolitan cities)

Next to Delhi, Mumbai has the capacity of 2130 MLD, which is 26% of total capacity in metropolitan cities


Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment

According to the Central Pollution Control Board, total hazardous waste generation in India in 2015 was 7.46 million metric ton from about 44,000 industries

According to a report by Centre for Science & Environment, the entire country has nitrate levels higher than the prescribed levels—a result of sewage leaching into groundwater supplies

Improper hazardous-waste storage or disposal frequently contaminates surface and groundwater supplies

Improper hazardous-waste storage or disposal frequently contaminates surface and groundwater supplies

Dumps and landfills are a threat to water supplies when water percolates through waste


Water Sustainability / Harvesting / Conservation

There are various methods of water conservations, including; rainwater harvesting, water recycling, reducing water demand in the agriculture sector (efficiency of water use, reducing its loss due to evaporation, improving soil moisture through various techniques like mulching, contour farming, drip irrigation, desalination, etc.)

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is the practice of collecting, storing and distributing rainwater to use it as an alternative source of water

Global rainwater harvesting market will witness a CAGR of 4.8% during the period 2016-2020

Water recycling is reusing treated wastewater. Water recycling helps to further reclaim water

Kuwait, Israel, Singapore and Egypt are leading with 91%, 85%, 35% and 32% of its wastewater reuse, respectively

Water reuse market holds huge opportunity in India where the water recycling rate is less than 20%

Capital expenditure on water reuse is expected to grow at a CAGR of 19.5% while the global installed capacity of high-quality water reuse plants is expected to grow from 28 million cubic meters per day to 79 million cubic meters per day

Desalination is an energy-intensive process where salt and other minerals are removed from seawater to produce potable water for drinking and irrigation

Two of India's most industrialised states, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat, are keen to use desalination technology


Waterless Toilets

On an average 8,300l of potable water is consumed in a month by a conventional urinal

More than 53% of Indian homes — about 70% in the villages lack toilets. Poor sanitation and contaminated water cause 80% of the diseases afflicting rural India

The cost incurred per month actually works out to nearly Rs 2500 per urinal whereas the cost of these waterless installations is just about Rs 5000

The average savings per urinal pot including the water is Rs 30,000 per year

Waterless toilets can be effective for rural India, targeting mainly the farming community with the basic premise that there is a dearth of water in most rural areas


Solar Powered Water Supply

A solar-powered pump is a pump running on electricity generated by photovoltaic panels or the radiated thermal energy available from collected sunlight as opposed to grid electricity or diesel run water pumps

A solar-based dual pump pipe water supply scheme is a viable solution where the development of drinking water supply infrastructure is not feasible in inaccessible areas and places having no natural water sources

India imports surplus hydropower from Bhutan. The hydroelectric power plants at Darjeeling and Shivanasamudra are among the first hydro-electric power plants in Asia

The public sector has a predominant share of 92.5% in the hydro sector

The private sector owns nearly 7.5% of the total 42,783 MW but this sector is going to growing fast


Research & Development

Indian water market is $ 30 billion-sized

Key focus areas: equipment supply, public-private partnerships for water supply and distribution, water treatment plants and water EPC (engineering, procurement and construction) business and integrated water resource management for utilities

Maharashtra is emerging as a hub for the water sector

Over 12 international companies have already set up design and engineering centres in Mumbai and Pune

Currently, there are more than 1200 companies dealing in water and wastewater treatment in Maharashtra

Pune and Nashik are going to be the largest hub for manufacturing and fabrication industry in pumps, instrumentation and monitoring equipment

National Institute of Hydrology (NIH) undertakes R&D activities in the field of dam break flood studies, conservation storage of reservoirs, regulations of spillway gates, flood control regulations and forecasting, snow and glacier studies, water quality, groundwater assessment, remote sensing and GIS application

Other institutions involved are the Central Water and Power Research Station (CWPRS), the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the Central Water Commission (CWC), the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) and the Central Groundwater Board (CGWB)


Test & Measurement

The government has been introducing new technologies like aquifer-mapping programme through satellite data, round-the-clock monitoring systems, the appointment of lake wardens, installation of flow meters, etc. for equitable supply and distribution of water and involving public in conservation efforts

It has also been decided that all residential group housing projects or apartments in the city with more than 20 units and total build-up area of 2,000 sqm will have to install STP

The Aurangabad City Water Utility Company Limited (ACWUCL) has installed the new flow meters at 39 different water distribution points in the city to check water pilferages and streamline the distribution of water from all distribution points in the city

Since the installation of the system, the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation has been able to save around 10 to 12 million litres of water per day


Skill & Training

Poorly trained or untrained water/wastewater plant operators can undermine the proper functioning of the best-designed treatment plants through negligent maintenance of mechanical systems, improper supervision of electrical systems, failure to respond appropriately to alarms and warnings, etc.

With the rural sanitation and water sector in India poised for change and with the new vision for the sector in the 12th Plan, the sector demands newer capacities, skills and orientation of those working in it

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) envisages providing a multi-level cadre of adequate motivated skilled and trained personnel in rural water supply and sanitation sector

India faces a shortage of skilled workers, and the government is committed to creating a skilled workforce of 500 million by 2022

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has listed around 20 of the country’s most reputed educational and research institutes/universities as Key Resource Centre (KRCs), and around 20 NGOs, who are working towards water and sanitation sector in rural areas successfully


Government Initiatives

The State Government has made a budgetary allocation of  Rs  988.2 crore in 2016-17 for implementation of 600 rural water supply schemes, augmentation of 500 pipe water supply projects, construction of 300 overhead tanks and 500 iron removal units

The Centre has allocated of Rs 12,517 crore (US$1.86 billion) to the Ministry of Water Resources in FY 2016-17

The Centre Allocation of Rs 9,000 crore (US$ 1.34 billion) in FY 2016-17

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign), the country’s biggest drive to improve sanitation and cleanliness, US$ 3 billion has been  allocated for the Clean Ganga programme for the next 5 years

As per the Union budget 2016, all the 89 ‘active’ irrigation projects are to be placed under the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) on fast-track, and raise the required 86,500 Cr Indian Rupees to finance through budgetary and extra-budgetary resources


Clean Water for a Sustainable Future

17% of the world’s population (1.3 billion) lives in India, occupying 2.45% of the land area, with a meagre 4% of the world’s water resources.

India ranks 133rd (out of 180 nations) for its water availability and 120th (out of 122 nations) for its water quality.

It’s estimated that 80 % of India’s surface water is polluted, resulting in India losing US$ 6 billion annually due to water-borne diseases.

Other challenges faced by India are increasing water consumption and wastage in urban areas, growing industrial and agricultural demand, lack of technology, water cycle imbalances, political and regulatory disputes, etc.

Water crisis will be worse in the future with an expected population of 1.7 billion by 2050.

Over 70% of the water consumed by the rural population in India does not meet WHO standards. Approximately 80% of rural illnesses, 21% of transmissible diseases, and 20% of deaths of children under the age of 5 are directly linked to the consumption of unsafe water.



An estimated 62,000 million litres per day (MLD) wastewater is generated in urban areas, while the treatment capacity across India is only 23,277 MLD, and actual treatment of water is a mere 18,883 MLD. Around 43,117 MLD of wastewater goes untreated.

There are over 800 municipal sewage treatment plants (STP’s) across India, of which only 500 are in working condition.

Around 80% of water supplied for domestic use comes out as wastewater and is discharged untreated.

The major causes of water pollution are; discharge of untreated sewage and industrial effluent into rivers, excessive use of fertilizers in agriculture, and contamination of groundwater.

Most wastewater treatment plants are obsolete and in need of newer technology and capacity expansion.



Capital expenditure on water and wastewater infrastructure in India is set to increase by 83% over the next five years, hitting an annual run rate of $16 billion by 2020.

The utility market is set to top $14 billion within five years, while annual spending in the industrial sector will approach $2 billion.

The wastewater treatment sector is expected to grow faster than water treatment, at a CAGR of 15.3% to reach $6.78 billion in 2020 (from $3.3 billion in 2015). Spending on water supply will grow from $5.56 billion to $9.4 billion over the next five years.



Prime Minister Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on October 2, 2014, to reduce or eliminate open defecation by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India, at a projected cost of US$30 billion.

The allocation for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in FY 2017-18 is US$ 2.5 billion.


About Us

The 3rd International Conference on Water Microbiology, Water Sustainability & Water Reuse Technologies is an auspicious event scheduled for December 03-04, 2018 in Chicago, USA. WATER 2018  anticipates more than 200 participants around the globe with thought-provoking Key-Note lectures, Oral talks and Poster presentations, Symposia, Workshops, Exhibitions and Career development programs. The attending delegates also include - Editorial Board Members of related Conference Series Journals. This is an excellent opportunity for the delegates and researchers from Universities and Institutes to interact with the world class innovators and innovations. The intending participants can confirm their participation by registering at Water Microbiology 2018 along with your interested colleagues to share this auspicious moment. 

WATER 2018 is one of the well-established conferences among Microbiology Conferences organized by Conference Series LLC Ltd. We are here to welcome all the intellectuals from science and technology, have a chit-chat regarding our future sustainability and technology, innovative ideas which can change the future. Making them executable is the vital step towards an Innovation. Global demand generates global economy in Water Sector, giving business entrepreneurs, young researchers and innovators a chance to generate a global economy to build a sustainable healthy world.

Conference Series LLC Ltd  organizes 3000+ Global Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 700+ Open access journals which contain over 100000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board and organizing committee members. Our website will provide you list, details about the conferences organizing worldwide.

Why Attend?

WATER 2018 is a multidisciplinary program with broad participation of the people in Water Sectors, from around the globe focused on exploring more in research and advancements in new trends/techniques in Microbiology, Biotechnology, Reuse Technologies & more for the Sustainable development. This event creates the best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from microbiology community i.e., from academia, microbiology entities, medical groups, labs, related associations, societies, pharmaceutical, biomedical and medical device industries and also from government agencies. This auspicious event includes oral presentations, poster-presentations, symposiums; exhibitions and workshops. A new trend in water microbiology is, testing microbes in their own environments with AI – Artificial Intelligence powered robot microscopes which can save the roots of the aqua food chain – Planktons, as they are losing their stable natural life. With these novel technologies, researchers can actually know this lifestyle and interactions with their natural environment. Thomas named research scientist from IBM Research recently showcased this project in ‘Think2018’ forum by IBM which discusses the study of Planktons with the help of Artificial Intelligent powered robot microscopes and why it’s not right to observe them normally as planktons are the major base of our food-chain. This is just one example which explains - It’s the time where medical science has to meet with the latest technology for a full-fledged aim to focus. Come forward to experience the emerging phase of science & technology in WATER 2018 where we can share our innovations and think together for our global health and preventions towards waterborne diseases during natural hazards.

Who should attend - Who you’ll meet?

Anybody who is passionate to explore their knowledge in Water Sector are most welcome, as water is the most vital & valuable molecule on this plant. We are welcoming all the research scientists, microbiologists, engineers, every intellectual possible in WATER. You will meet all the eminent experts in the field of science and technology, including food production/processing sector. Advances in water treatments, wastewater treatments, desalination & food processing techniques, laboratory equipment, testing apparatus and many more will be showcased.

  • Research Scientists
  • Microbiologists
  • Environmentalists
  • Clinical Pharmacists
  • Laboratory Technicians
  • Morphologists
  • Environmental Microbiologists
  • Medical & Health Associations
  • Business Entrepreneurs
  • Hydrologists
  • Hydro-geologists
  • Engineers in Water Sectors
  • Industrialists
  • Postdocs & Research Fellows

Medical Directors, Principal Investigators, Methodologists, and other clinical research professionals along with Academicians: University Faculties like Directors, Senior Professors/Assistant Professors/ Associate Professor, Research Scholars, investors, scientists who are into Water Sciences are most welcome. Many business companies with their team of researchers and analytics will attend to showcase and share their viewpoints on the present market demand for WATER.


Benefits of WATER 2018:

  • An opportunity to meet the mentors across the world face-to-face.
  • Sharing ideas, challenges and plan something interesting for future
  • B2B Meetings.
  • To meet the experts in the field of Water Microbiology.
  • To share the knowledge with doctors and Scientists.
  • To gain advanced knowledge in Microbiology.
  • To meet investors from a different sector of Healthcare.
  • To develop collaborations between Academic and Business.
  • Thought-provoking talks by Doctors, Professors, Phds and Young Researchers.

WATER 2018  ardently encourages patrons, benefactors, pioneers, and exhibitors from across the world to convene you all to attend and register for the “3rd International Conference on Water Microbiology, Water Sustainability & Water Reuse Technologies which is going to be venerated from December 03-04, 2018 at Chicago, USA.

The organizing committee is endowing a rather stimulating and illuminative conference program subsuming Plenary Lectures, Symposiums, Workshops on a myriad of topics, Poster Presentations and an assortment of programs for participants from over the globe. We invite you to accompany us at WATER 2018, where you are assured to have a substantially worthwhile experience with ecumenical scholars.

“We are bringing Science & Technology Elites together. Join us to know both sides, how scientists from science and technology fields come up with innovative ideas for the future benefits. 

Water is the key source for human life and the most valuable molecule on the planet. We hope everyone uses the best scientific techniques and innovative reuse technologies towards sustainable development around the globe. Water is the destination of Life.”





To Collaborate Scientific Professionals around the World

Conference Date December 03-04, 2018 |

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